Berlin Exclaves
     
This site is about some of the West-Berlin exclaves that existed within SBZ-territory, and some of the SBZ-exclaves that existed (may have existed?) within West-Berlin territory.  
     
Background
     

As surely most readers that have found their way to this site are aware, there existed at one time twelve West-Berlin exclaves just outside the border of West-Berlin. Most, if not all, were eradicated through several land exchange agreements up until 1990. Also, three SBZ-exclaves appear to have existed within Eiskeller, an area in north-west Berlin almost an exclave in itself.

 
     
Böttcherberg exclaves
     
The so called Böttcherberg-exclaves were a set of three very small pieces of land situated within a salient of Potsdam, protruding into the southwestern-most part of Berlin, not far from Glienicke Brücke. Depending on your line of faith you may claim that all three or at least two were uninhabited. The third exclave housed, at least in part, a portion of a graveyard.

The map below is an excerpt from a cadastral map of Berlin, Stadtplan von Berlin, part 4063/3063, 1:4000 from 1953. (Taken from T Book, "Angerdorf och Exklav", Vaxjo 1984, and published with the authors permission, by the way). For convenience the three exclaves have names on the map.

At the time of visit, June 2001, the remains of the wall were not easy to spot, although with a bit of imagination the wall visible in pictures 2 and 3 below could be interpreted as the western part of the anti-imperialistic protectional zone.

Clearly there must not have been much room for a no-mans-land between Böttcherberg SW and West-Berlin, and even less so between Böttcherberg N and West-Berlin. Remaining debris suggested that at least Böttcherberg N was part of the no-mans-land prior to 1989, but it should be really interesting to know if DDR-authorities at any time respected the status of any of the Böttcherberg exclaves.

The pictures below are annotated to indicate the position of borders. The borders are tentative, and please note that the text stating "Berlin, Hauptstadt der DDR" most likely indicates not East-Berlin ground but Potsdam soil.

 
     
 
This map shows the three Böttcherberg-exclaves. They are named Böttcherberg N, Böttcherberg SW and Böttcherberg SE. 1. This shows the two southern exclaves, looking east. West Berlin is in the darkness behind a wall to the right. The small chruch is not visible behind the bushes to the left.  
     
 
2. This picture, taken facing northwest, shows Böttcherberg SE and Böttcherberg SW. 3. This is more or less the same motive as the picture to the left, but from a slightly different angle.  
     
 
4. This shows the northern exclave, looking west. A portion of the churchyard is visible to the left. It seems that the entire area was used as a churchyard, at least prior to 1961, but the northern part was converted to form part of the border zone. Probably at least some of the border installations stood on this part of West Berlin soil at some time. Did the East German authorities have any idea about the exclave? 5. The northern exclave again, this time seen from West Berlin. Note the extremely narrow gap between "mainland" West Berlin and the exclave.  
     
Laßzinswiesen
     
Laßzinswiesen was an exclave just north of Laßzinssee, only tens of meters from West-Berlin but completely unaccessible from the West.  
     
   
MAP 1. This Soviet map shows the situation of Laßzinswiesen.    
     
 
1. The exclave from soutwest, standing on the strip separating the exclave from West-Berlin. 2. The exclave from a slightly different angle.  
     
Erlengrund & Fichtewiese
     
Erlengrund and Fichtewiese were two exclaves situated very close to the border of West-Berlin just north of Spandau Forst. They were used by two garden societies, whose members had small parcels of land in them, some with small cottages.

Access was limited to certain "visiting hours", and each time the parcel owners had to pass through a gate in the wall, continue along a meter-wide path over the no-mans-land, pass an acess-permit control-post and continue to one of the two exclaves.

 
     
   
MAP 1 (from Book, se above). The map shows the exclaves Erlendgrund and Fichtewiese.    
     
 
1. This picture clearly shows the position of the footpath through the no-mans-land. 2. Here is the position of the gate in the wall in the forground, again the footpath, and the two exclaves.  
     
 
3. The stone is not a border marker, and note that the yellow line probably does not show the location of the border. The border should be one or two meters behind the yellow line. Ficthewiese bearly visible through the trees. 4. The concrete pilar is the foundation for the DDR-style border markers. No DDR-plaques with the sickle and the compass were found. The yellow line, supposed to show the border, might be one or two meters too far to the right.  
     
 
5. The exclaves from a slightly elevated angle. The position of the control-post is clearly visible. 3. Looking south towards West-Berlin from the entrance to Fichtewiese.  
     
Steinstücken
     
Steinstücken was the only permanently inhabited exclave, situated south of Zehlendorf in the south-west corner of Berlin. The exclave was united with the rest of West-Berlin through a 1 km long 20 m wide road in 1972, following a land exchange agreement between the four powers of occupation in 1971.  
     
 
MAP 1 (source: Book). The map shows the exclaves Steinstücken, Nuthewiesen and Wüste Mark in 1964. MAP 2 (source: Book). The same area in 1976.  
     
   
MAP 3. The image has been removed. MAP 4 (source: Book). The buildings of Steinstücken in 1960.  
     
 
MAP 5 (source: Catudal). The accessway to Steinstücken in 1951. MAP 6 (source: Catudal). The parcels and buildings of Steinstücken.  
     
 
1. This is the northwest corner of Steinstücken. Note that the yellow line supposed to show the border is probably not in the exact right position. 2. This is the southern border of Steinstücken, The mouth of Bernhard-Beyer-Straße can be spotted to the right. Note that the yellow line supposed to show the border is probably not in the exact right position.  
     
 
3. This is the southwest corner of Steinstücken, Note that the yellow line supposed to show the border is probably not in the exact right position. 4. Looking south along the Bernhard-Beyer-Straße. Note that the yellow line supposed to show the border is probably not in the exact right position.  
     
Eiskeller, SBZ Exclaves
     
Within the Eiskeller area there may have existed three separate SBZ-exclaves within West-Berlin. For convenience they are named Eiskeller N (the norther one as seen in MAP1 below), Eiskeller S (the long one in MAP1) and Eiskeller E (the small triangular one in MAP1 and MAP2).

Note the stones in pictures 4 and 5 below. Are those bordermarkers?

 
     
 
MAP 1 (from Book, se above). The map shows the Eiskeller area 1967 and 1975. MAP 2. The map show the Eiskeller area at a date later that 1975, from "Bebauungsplan VIII-170 für das Gebiet Eiskeller."  
     
   
MAP 3 (supplied by Wolfgang at BoundaryPoint). The map shows the Eiskeller area around 1960. Eiskeller N and Eiskeller S are cleary visible.    
     
 
1. This is the road leading from Spandauer Forst to Eiskeller. We are travelling towards west. 2. The same road, a little further towards Eiskeller.  
     
   
3. The picture shows Eiskeller N, taken from east facing west. The exclave is the field to the right of the road.    
     
 
4. The picture shows Eiskeller S, taken from a spot to the east of the exclave with the camera pointing to the north-west. 5. Eiskeller S again, this time looking south-west over the eastern border of the exclave.  
     
     
Challenge
     

Do we not need a complete knowledgebase of the former exclaves in the Berlin-area? Wouldn't it be pleasing to have compete photographic coverage?

Ask not what you can find on the Internet published by others, ask what you can contribute to the Internet.

If you decide to go to Berlin to document the remains of other exclaves, then please do either of the following;

- send your pictures to Ernst Stavro Blofeld, for publication on this website, or
- copy any interesting information on this site, and put up your own site with a complete coverage of the Berlin exclaves.